What is timber frame house construction?

Timber frame houses are constructed from large wooden poles and beams that form the structural support of the house and do not require load-bearing interior walls. The timbers are joined by connecting a mortise (hole) at the end of a timber with a corresponding tenon (tongue) that fits precisely and firmly. The wooden structure is a unique and durable construction system. The combination of carpentry, robust supports, and the structural integrity of structural insulation panels (SIPs) make timber frame homes much better equipped than standard homes to survive extreme weather events, such as hurricanes and earthquakes.

Many of these same techniques were also used in the construction of the tall ships that crossed the world's oceans during the Age of Sailing. And carpentry was not only an efficient way to join heavy timbers together with fewer metal fasteners, it also created frames that were extremely strong, flexible, and aesthetically beautiful. A heavy-frame construction technique that uses heavy timber timbers and interlocking joinery, often with wooden pegs instead of metal fasteners. A method of constructing a heavy frame using timbers.

Unlike wooden structures, post and beam houses use metal fasteners instead of pegs and joinery to secure the frame. Wooden houses are complete structures made of vertical heavy wooden poles that support horizontal beams. These form cross-sections called curves, and the multiple curves create gaps. Other members, such as knee pads and struts, provide support to the structure.

Timber framing is rare in Russia, Finland, northern Sweden and Norway, where tall, straight wood, such as pine and fir, is readily available and log houses are preferred instead. A traditional construction method that uses heavy timbers to create structures by carefully manufacturing timbers to fit together with joints secured by large wooden pegs. One of the leading manufacturers of these types of wood connectors was Timber Engineering Company, or TECO, of Washington, DC. This technique of wooden frame walls filled with planks or horizontal logs proved to be more suitable for the harsh climates of Québec and Acadia, which at the same time had abundant wood.

A less common meaning of the term half-timbered is found in the fourth edition of John Henry Parker's Classic Dictionary of Architecture (187), which distinguishes half-timbered houses from half-timbered houses, with a ground floor of stone or logs, such as the Kluge House, which was a log. cabin with a second half-timbered floor. If the structural frame of the load-bearing timber is left exposed on the outside of the building, it can be referred to as a half-timber and, in many cases, the filling between the beams will be used as a decorative effect. The wooden structure is a specialized version of wooden post and beam that is built as a piece of furniture, using wood carpentry as a mortise and tenon, which is held in place with wooden pegs.

These houses can incorporate a variety of external building materials, allowing a wooden structure to match any style and adapt to any environment. In the 1930s, a timber framing system, known as the modern method of connecting wood, was developed. In wooden structures, all structural timbers in a building are prepared in advance, dimensioned, planed and cut in carpentry, all according to the workshop drawings. Exposed timbers, complex joinery, and open floor plans give timber-framed homes an aesthetic unmatched by any other type of construction.

In addition, since wooden frames were considered a cheaper way of building, often the visible structures of noble houses were made of stone and bricks, and the invisible or side walls in wooden frames. Traditional timber framing is the method of creating framed structures of heavy wood joined together with several joints, commonly and originally with overlapping joints, and then mortise and tenon joints nailed. which are closely spaced and simply butted and nailed to each other, wooden structures use larger spaced apart pieces and box and tenon joinery joined with wooden pins or pegs. .

Serena Uccello
Serena Uccello

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