Steel and wooden frame houses should not be insulated with cavity wall insulation. However, few people seem to understand why. Wood and, surprisingly for many, steel, need air circulation to prevent rotting or corrosion. The premise is the same for steel structure properties as for wooden structure They are not absolutely suitable for cavity wall insulation, however, it is not wood rot that occurs, but corrosion of steel.
A steel-framed property that has been modernized with CWI may be considered structurally unsafe depending on the extent of corrosion, meaning that you may struggle to sell your home or you may have difficulty getting a mortgage granted on the property, depending on the risk the surveyor believes you are in the property. In addition to this, lack of air circulation is not only structurally detrimental, but can also be detrimental to health. If you live in a wood-framed house, you will have more air bricks around the walls of your house, this keeps the woods dry and healthy, as there is a space for air to circulate allowing moisture to dry, meaning they will stay dry and last as long as possible. With timber frame construction, the structure creates a continuous thermal envelope, which provides a comfortable and energy efficient environment; in most cases, it is more efficient than conventional rod frame constructions, where insulation is placed between the uprights and the beams, creating gaps in the insulation performance.
The properties of the wood structure require air circulation to prevent the woods around the property from wetting and rotting. The thickness of the insulation to be used in the wall of the wooden frame cavity will depend on the desired wall U-value. Insulating your wood frame house with spray foam insulation is fast, energy efficient, cost-effective, provides excellent heat and sound insulation and of course is the most airtight material on the market. Wood-framed walls require a vapor control layer to prevent harmful interstitial condensation from forming on the back of the cladding.
Not to be confused with traditional timber frame houses, modern timber frame construction involves cutting and preparing the frame and beams off-site, before bringing them to the site for assembly. Timber frame construction generally generates less waste in its production than brick, plastic, concrete or steel; however, when combined with external methods, waste savings have even greater potential, since building sections are produced to precise requirements, using only exactly what is needed. The wooden structure itself is normally “manufacturer warranted” for various periods ranging from 10 to 40 years. Old houses were built with a solid wall, however, houses built after the 1920s were built with a cavity (an empty space).
Timber frame construction is also recognized as extremely environmentally friendly, as energy input levels from start to finish are lower than those of buildings built with masonry. Cooper Insulation offers a wide range of products and services that can be used in new and existing timber frame buildings. Insulating cavity walls in a timber frame construction should be completed using wall insulation that retains an air gap between the insulation layer and the outer sheet of the wall. The popular method of cavity wall insulation, where the space between the brick and the wooden structure is filled with insulation, caused a number of problems.
The construction of wooden structures had a number of benefits, such as the speed with which a house could be built, and was received with great enthusiasm within the industry. Bellway will employ modern construction methods (MMC) throughout the site, with 25 percent modular homes, 50 percent closed-panel timber-framed homes, and 25 percent open-panel timber framing properties. .