What are timber frame houses?

Timber frame houses are constructed from large wooden poles and beams that form the structural support of the house and do not require load-bearing interior walls. The timbers are joined by connecting a mortise (hole) at the end of a timber with a corresponding tenon (tongue) that fits precisely and firmly. Timber framing is a construction method that uses heavy wood to create framed structures. Unlike other framing methods, wooden frames do not use nails or adhesives.

Instead, wood components are connected by wooden dowels or mortise and tenon joints.

Timber frame

houses use a historically traditional construction technique that joins large timbers together to create a strong and beautiful structure. These houses are easily recognized by their exposed woods, which create an impressive and unforgettable visual effect. The wooden structure basically takes the place of the inner lining of a cavity wall.

Therefore, moving from the outside inward, a wooden frame wall section comprises an outer sheet of masonry, a cavity of 50 mm, a ventilation membrane (attached to the wooden structure). Inside the frame is the insulation and on the inside surface of the frame there is a vapor barrier to keep water vapor away from the insulation. Finally, the inner surface is finished with plasterboard. A wooden frame is a load-bearing wood structure, which is held together with mortise and tenon joinery.

Post and beam construction is similar to wood framing, but instead of wood joints, post and beam buildings are held together with bolts and other steel connections. The wooden frames are cut so that their ends fit together like a puzzle, and the joinery is held firmly with wooden pegs. Our pegs are riveted from straight grain hardwood and shaped by hand with razors. What is a wooden frame house? Timber frame houses are constructed with wooden beams and posts joined together with wooden pegs, mechanical fasteners, and mortise and tenon frame joints.

Most wooden beams are exposed, which is part of the appeal. Nowadays, woods are more commonly belt sawn and sometimes woods can be machine brushed on all four sides. Carved joints in a traditional timber-framed house allow the structure to breathe as materials expand and contract with environmental changes. Many post and beam houses can be found in cities and towns, but unlike in France, the UK and Germany, there are few cityscapes with wooden frames.

The different sizes of wood used in a timber frame structure are not as standardized as the dimensional wood used in a typical mullion frame house. These houses can incorporate a variety of external building materials, allowing a wooden structure to match any style and adapt to any environment. With this type, wooden frames consist of large prefabricated frames or cassettes (usually 2.4 m high x 3.6 m wide). This durability is likely due to the fact that wooden frames use large pieces of wood that are far apart.

Japanese wooden frames are thought to be descended from Chinese frames (see Ancient Chinese Wooden Architecture). He banned the construction of logs to prevent future conflagrations and demanded that the rich bourgeois use bricks and the less wealthy to use wooden frames in the Danish way. Wooden structures of the type used in large parts of Europe occasionally appeared in late medieval cities, but never became commonplace, except in the capital Christiania. They're too light: People often say that timber-framed houses don't feel “solid” like traditional cavity construction.

The craftsmanship of wooden frames began to wane in the late 19th century, as industry standards changed and material processing became more mechanized and centralized. The use of exposed wood reflects the organic elements of the surrounding landscape, allowing the wooden frames to adapt perfectly to their natural and picturesque locations. Castile and León, for example La Alberca, and the Basque Country are the most representative examples of the use of wooden structures in the Iberian Peninsula. .

Serena Uccello
Serena Uccello

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